Bombay High Court Protecting Fundamental Rights: The Imperative of Sleep

In recent legal proceedings, the Bombay High Court delivered a landmark judgment emphasizing the sanctity of an individual’s right to sleep, clearly stating that a fundamental human need should not be violated. This important decision has come in response to the overnight questioning of a senior citizen by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) in connection with a money laundering investigation.

Upholding human dignity

The distinguished division bench of Justice Revati Mohite-Dere and Justice Manjusha Deshpande clearly underlined that the right to sleep is sacred and an integral part of human dignity. The court rebuked the practice of interrogating individuals during night hours, recognizing the potential impairment of cognitive abilities with sleep deprivation.

Background of the case

At the center of the case was the arrest of 64-year-old Ram Israni by the ED in August 2023, which he described as illegal and unjustified. Israni argued that he was fully cooperating in the investigation proceedings and was continuously responding to the summons issued by the agency. However, despite his cooperation, he faced continuous interrogation late into the night, culminating in his arrest the next day.

Judicial disapproval

Ultimately dismissing Issrani’s plea, the Bombay High Court bench led by Justice Revati Mohite-Dere and Justice Manjusha Deshpande expressed a deeply moral stand against the controversial interrogation tactics of the Enforcement Directorate (ED), especially during night hours. Regarding interrogation of persons during. , The Court’s deliberations underlined a fundamental principle that transcends the legal realm – the inviolability of an individual’s right to sleep, which is considered paramount in the creed of human rights. By carefully dissecting the nuances of the case, the court outlined a jurisprudential scenario where consent, though clearly present, is insignificant against the backdrop of a person’s inherent right to uninterrupted rest.

This nuanced legal analysis not only reflects the judiciary’s unwavering commitment to upholding the sanctity of human dignity but also serves as a clear call to all stakeholders within the criminal justice system to realign their approach in accordance with the highest moral and ethical standards. Also works as a call. In short, the Court’s pronouncements open a new chapter in the history of legal jurisprudence, where the imperatives of justice meet harmoniously with the needs of human compassion and empathy.

Effects on health and cognition

The court rightly recognized the adverse effects of sleep deprivation on both physical and mental health. It highlighted the connection between sleep deprivation and diminished cognitive abilities, emphasizing the importance of debriefing during appropriate hours to protect a person’s cognitive integrity.

Legal precedents and instructions

In its landmark judgment, the Bombay High Court not only reaffirmed the sanctity of the right to sleep but also raised a strong edifice of legal precedent encapsulating the basic principles of human rights jurisprudence. Through careful legal analysis and thoughtful deliberations, the Court clarified the intrinsic connection between the right to sleep and the broader tapestry of human dignity, underscoring its inescapable importance in the realm of constitutional rights. This judicial pronouncement resonates as a clarion call for the protection of individual autonomy and bodily integrity, shining a bright light on the legal landscape.

Furthermore, recognizing the urgency of the situation, the Court stepped beyond the bounds of judgment, taking a proactive stance to actively protect the rights of citizens. By ordering the formulation of guidelines for the timing of interrogation, the Court demonstrated a prescient understanding of the need to prevent potential violations against the right to sleep. This proactive measure not only underlines the commitment of the judiciary to ensure justice but also exemplifies its role as a guardian of constitutional values.

In short, the judgment delivered by the Bombay High Court is not only a testament to the indomitable spirit of justice but also a clarion call for the protection of fundamental human rights in the face of adversity.


The judgment delivered by the Bombay High Court serves as a resounding affirmation of the fundamental importance of sleep as a human right. By clearly condemning the practice of night interrogation, the Court has not only upheld the dignity of individuals but also strengthened the principle that human rights should not be violated even in the context of legal proceedings. Going forward, it is the duty of the law enforcement agencies to scrupulously follow the directions laid down by the judiciary, to ensure that the right to sleep is upheld as an inalienable right inherent to every individual.

Follow Us On Instagram Follow Us On X

Also read: Maidaan 2024 Movie Review: Is It Worthed To Watch?

Share Others

Leave a Reply